This study includes complete information on walnut culture, it discusses in detail the characteristics of the crop, the demand for soil-climatic conditions, varieties, pests, products, primary processing, drying and storage, local production, potential and world market.
Walnut is a popular crop in Georgia. In recent years, the cultivation of walnut orchards in the country has increased significantly and is already cultivated on an area of more than 1,500 hectares. Given the pace of orchard cultivation, we must assume that in the next 10 years, Georgia may be included in the top ten list of world exporters of walnuts.
Despite such cultural potential, it is important to note that walnuts are not actually exported from Georgia. Much work needs to be done by the private sector to have international channels for local walnut exports. Georgian walnuts have export potential to the EU, the Middle East and Asia.
According to official statistics, 5,600 tons of walnuts were produced in Georgia in 2014, and 5,900 tons in 2015.
In the industrial orchards of the country, the following walnut varieties are cultivated on massive areas - Chandler, Fernor and Franketa.
The country has ideal conditions for walnut production: it is a light and heat-loving plant, grows well in deep, fertile, fresh loamy soils, as well as on alluvial soils in river valleys, its optimum soil area response is PH: 5 to 8.
As for the agro-techniques of walnut production, walnut is planted in autumn from the first days of November to December 15, or in early spring. After the walnuts are fully grown, with proper care and agro-technical measures, it is possible to get 3-7 tons of crop from 1 ha. Walnuts are harvested (ripened) at full maturity.
Various products can be obtained from walnut: walnut fruit, oil, outer rind, wood, leaves and shell.
One of the problems in walnut production in the country is the sophisticated technology of seedling production and the lack of nurseries.
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